Child Ventilation

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As with adults, children should be made to wear masks for ventilation whenever available, though the child must have the right size mask for a tight fit. The mask should cover the child’s mouth and nose without obstructing the eyes or chin. Do not use masks that are too big for the child.

As with adults, the head-tilt/chin-lift maneuver is the way to open a child’s airway. Breathe in at least one second, causing the child’s chest to rise. Avoid releasing rapid breaths because this may lead to distention of the stomach, vomiting, and other disturbances of stomach contents.

Child Ventilation Algorithm

BLS Pediatric Ventilation Algorithm

Figure 10

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