Respiratory complications are the common precursors of cardiac arrest. It is, therefore, crucial to detect problems in respiration in order to take action against cardiac arrest.
When a patient of any age has a pulse but is not breathing (or is not breathing comfortably and normally), quickly open the airway using the head-tilt/chin-lift maneuver and start releasing breaths. See Table 2 for details about rescue breathing.
|Age Group||How Often||Breaths per Minute||Duration||Evaluation|
|Adult||every 5 to 6 seconds||10 to 12 breaths per minute||each breath should last one second||check for chest rise and breathing;
check pulse and begin CPR if necessary
|Child/Infant||every 3 to 5 seconds||12 to 20 breaths per minute|