Respiratory complications are the common precursors of cardiac arrest. It is, therefore, crucial to detect problems in respiration in order to take action against cardiac arrest.
When a patient of any age has a pulse but is not breathing (or is not breathing comfortably and normally), quickly open the airway using the head-tilt/chin-lift maneuver and start releasing breaths. Seefor details about rescue breathing.
|Age Group||How Often||Breaths per Minute||Duration||Evaluation|
|Adult||Every 6 seconds||10 to 12 breaths per minute||Each breath should last one second||Check for chest rise and breathing;
Check pulse and begin CPR if necessary
|Child/Infant||One rescuer: Every 6 seconds
Two rescuers: Every 2-3 seconds
|One rescuer: 10 to 12 breaths per minute
Two rescuers: 20 to 30 breaths per minute