General Concepts of Basic Life Support

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Heart disease is still the leading cause of death in the United States; it is responsible for more than 600,000 deaths annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Studies are continually looking for ways to improve how we react to emergencies with life-saving methods. These techniques are derived from the most current research, compiled in a systematic label called the Chain of Survival, which can be traced to the concept of Basic Life Support (BLS). The Chain of Survival gives the person the highest possibility of receiving the necessary care and returning to a healthy lifestyle.

The lungs receive blood pumped by the heart, and from here the blood receives oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. This blood flows back to the heart and is injected to vital organs—the heart and the brain—as well as the rest of the body. A person becomes unconscious immediately as soon as the heart stops, which ultimately leads to no blood flowing in the body. The responses taught by BLS are aimed at preventing or slowing down the problem’s cause until the root of the problem can be inspected by a medical practitioner. BLS allows people a better chance of survival until further medical care is made available.

Take Note

Employing the right techniques urgently and swiftly can set the difference between life and death for someone experiencing cardiac arrest.

Keys for BLS:

  • Immediately begin the Chain of Survival
  • Perform high-quality chest compressions to promote flow of oxygen to the brain and vital organs
  • Know when and how to use an Automatic External Defibrillator (AED).
  • Execute rescue breathing
  • Learn how to work with other rescuers as part of a team
  • Learn how to respond to choking
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